What Is Rheumatology?
Rheumatology is a rapidly evolving medical sub-specialty, devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. These diseases especially affect joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, and muscles. There are more than 200 types of these diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus, back pain, osteoporosis, lupus and tendinitis. Some of these are very serious diseases that can be difficult to diagnose and treat. Rheumatic diseases can also involve internal organs.
The cause of every major rheumatological disorder is now best explained by imbalance in the autoimmune system. Hence, rheumatic diseases are often referred as autoimmune disease. The treatment modalities are also based on clinical research on autoimmune system. Evidence-based medical treatment of rheumatological disorders has helped patients with these disorders lead a near normal life.
There is an increasing demand for specialists in this field with an increasing population of patients who need specialized treatment. Rheumatologists are increasing in numbers in all countries.